Who Fired the First Shot of the American Revolution at Lexington Green?

Introduction and Background
First Shot Video
Schoolhouse Rock

The clip you just watched promotes one perspective of what happened on Lexington Green on April 19, 1775 and who fired the "shot heard 'round the world" that sparked the American Revolution. The following high school American History textbook excerpt (below in bold) provides a slightly less complete and/or compelling account.

By the morning of April 19, 1775, the king's troops reached Lexington. As they neared the town, they saw 70 minutemen drawn up in lines of the village green. The British commander ordered the minutemen to leave, and the colonists began to move out without laying down their muskets. Then someone fired, and the British soldiers sent a volley of shots into the departing militia. Eight minutemen were killed and ten more wounded, but only one British soldier was injured. The Battle of Lexington lasted only 15 minutes.

Textbook Account of the the Battle of Lexington, p. 101 (Danzer, et al., 2003, The Americans. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell).

As a historian at a top university, you have been hired to make this section of the textbook more detailed, accurate, and engaging, and a more nuanced answer to the question "Who fired the first shot at Lexington Green?"

Select Your Group Name and "Re-Write" History: